Table of contents

laravel ajax post

In this post, you will learn a basic example of a Laravel 8 ajax post request that will help you to submit a post request to your database without refreshing the page. Ajax is helping our user experience that when saving data don't need to refresh the page like the native of saving a record using a form.

 

In this example, we will create a basic Laravel 8 ajax post with saving/storing a user.

 

Step 1: Laravel Installation

Before we start we need to install the Laravel 8 application in our local environment. In this example, I'm using XAMPP via Windows. But you want free to use any machine and OS. To your HTDOCS folder run this command:

composer create-project laravel/laravel laravel-ajax-post-example --prefer-dist

 

Once done above command run the below command to point our Laravel 8 project directory.

cd laravel-ajax-post-example

 

Step 2: Database Configuration

If your Laravel project is fresh then you need to update your database credentials. Just open the .env file in your Laravel 8 project.

 

.env

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=your_database_name_here
DB_USERNAME=your_database_username_here

 

Step 3: Generate Controller

To generate a controller for our Laravel ajax post example kindly run the following command:

php artisan make:controller UserController

 

Step 4: Run Migration

Now let's run the migration by the default Laravel 8 installed.

php artisan migrate

 

Step 5: Setup Controller

Now, we will set up our store() method for UserController.php to process our Laravel ajax post.

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Response;
use App\Models\User;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class UserController extends Controller
{
    public function store(Request $request) 
    {
    	$data = $request->validate([
            'name' => 'required',
            'email' => 'required|email|unique:users',
            'password' => 'required'
        ]);

        $project = User::create($data);

        return response()->json(['success'=>'Laravel ajax example is being processed.']);
    }
}

 

Step 6: Setup Routes

See the routes below in this example we are using users' routes.

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
use App\Http\Controllers\UserController;
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/

Route::get('/', function () {
    return view('welcome');
});

Route::resource('users', UserController::class);

 

Step 7: Setup our Views

In this example, we will use the welcome.blade.php template as a default by the Laravel installed.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">

    <title>Laravel 8 Ajax Post Example</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">

    <style type="text/css">
        /* Custom page CSS
        -------------------------------------------------- */
        /* Not required for template or sticky footer method. */

        main > .container {
          padding: 60px 15px 0;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body class="d-flex flex-column h-100">

    <header>
        <!-- Fixed navbar -->
        <nav class="navbar navbar-expand-md navbar-dark fixed-top bg-dark">
            <div class="container-fluid">
                <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">Fixed navbar</a>
                <button class="navbar-toggler" type="button" data-bs-toggle="collapse" data-bs-target="#navbarCollapse" aria-controls="navbarCollapse" aria-expanded="false" aria-label="Toggle navigation">
                    <span class="navbar-toggler-icon"></span>
                </button>
                <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="navbarCollapse">
                    <ul class="navbar-nav me-auto mb-2 mb-md-0">
                        <li class="nav-item">
                            <a class="nav-link active" aria-current="page" href="#">Home</a>
                        </li>
                        <li class="nav-item">
                            <a class="nav-link" href="#">Link</a>
                        </li>
                        <li class="nav-item">
                            <a class="nav-link disabled">Disabled</a>
                        </li>
                    </ul>
                    <form class="d-flex">
                        <input class="form-control me-2" type="search" placeholder="Search" aria-label="Search">
                        <button class="btn btn-outline-success" type="submit">Search</button>
                    </form>
                </div>
            </div>
        </nav>
    </header>


    <!-- Begin page content -->
    <main class="flex-shrink-0">
        <div class="container">
            <h1 class="mt-5">Laravel 8 Ajax Post Example by <a href="https://codeanddeploy.com" target="_blank">codeanddeploy.com</a></h1>

            <form data-action="{{ route('users.store') }}" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data" id="add-user-form">
    
                @csrf
                <div class="mb-3">
                    <label for="name" class="form-label">Name</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="name" placeholder="Name" name="name">
                </div>

                <div class="mb-3">
                    <label for="email" class="form-label">Email</label>
                    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="email" placeholder="Email" name="email">
                </div>

                <div class="mb-3">
                    <label for="password" class="form-label">Password</label>
                    <input type="password" class="form-control" id="password" placeholder="Password" name="password">
                </div>

                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Save</button>

            </form>

        </div>
    </main>


    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.6.0.min.js" integrity="sha256-/xUj+3OJU5yExlq6GSYGSHk7tPXikynS7ogEvDej/m4=" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    <script src="{{ asset('js/ajax-post.js') }}" defer></script>

</body>

</html>

 

Step 8: Javascript for Laravel Ajax Post Request

In this section, we need to create a js folder inside public if already existing just skip it then create a javascript file named ajax-post.js.

$(document).ready(function(){

    var form = '#add-user-form';

    $(form).on('submit', function(event){
        event.preventDefault();

        var url = $(this).attr('data-action');

        $.ajax({
            url: url,
            method: 'POST',
            data: new FormData(this),
            dataType: 'JSON',
            contentType: false,
            cache: false,
            processData: false,
            success:function(response)
            {
                $(form).trigger("reset");
                alert(response.success)
            },
            error: function(response) {
            }
        });
    });

});

 

That's it you have an idea how to implement the Laravel 8 ajax post request. I hope it helps.

 

laravel ajax post

Don't forget the run the command:

php artisan serve